DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary

DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary. Trends are showing that homeowners are growing their own herbs. Herbs are ancient plants. For centuries used for: medicinal purposes, 

fragrances, spiritual practices and culinary purposes. Herbs are grown as garden enhancers, fragrances and cooking. Herbs like lavender and rosemary are a natural room freshener. In today’s health conscious world cooks are  cooking with freshly grown herbs. Herbs can be  grown at home. Grown indoors or outdoors.  Grow in kitchen or in your garden or  patio. Outdoors herbs can make  beautiful ornamental plants. Grow plant in clay pots or as a hanging plants.  Where you choose to grow your plant is a personal choice. 

DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary

Starting Herb Garden

Seeding  Indoors

francesco-gallarotti-72602DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary. Any small  container will do. Make sure there are holes at the bottom of container for  drainage. Your plant needs good drainage. Add your soil. I fertilize the soil  before adding the seeds. Nutrients leak out of the soil . Place the seeds about  ¼ of an inch from the top soil. Water well and cover with a plastic lid or clear  plastic wrap. When I see healthy sprouts I remove the plastic cover. Two of the  most important things to remember is during your seedling stage keep the soil  moist at all times. Secondly, place in a sunny location in your home.

Seeding  Outdoors
If you are  planting directly outside choose a place only for your herbs. It maybe alongside  other vegetables or flowers but seedlings must have full sunlight. Your outdoor  seedlings need regular watering as well as fertilizer. If I am planting indoors  or outdoor I like to use organic compost ensure healthy and flourishing plants.  Never use any fertilizer that is not labeled for use on edible  plants.

Planting and  Growing Herbs Tips

Annual herbs  are easy to start and inexpensive. Harvest to the plant’s full flavor. Limit  pesticides to a minimum. I like to mix liquid soap and water spray pests. If  this does not kill your pests check for non-toxic pesticides or pesticides used  for edible plants. DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary
 
Trimming  Herbs Once herbs  are grown they have to be pruned. Since your will be using the herb for cooking  there should not be a problem. If the herbs are not pruned they will grow tall  and lanky. For a full healthy plant trim and prune regularly.
 

Planter Designing Ideas

Herbs not  limited to cooking can be used as ornamental plants. Herb plants are ornamental  plants in the garden, potted or as hanging plants. The curly variety of Parsley  makes a great edging plant. Bay laurel is a tall herb and can be potted and used  at central points. Tri-color sage looks great in containers. Mint and Oregano  tend to spread think about a hanging plant. Rosemary has great aroma edging herb  for any walkway garden.

Herb  Glossary

 
arugula-sylvettaArugula:  Mediterranean  origin healthy green leafy vegetable. Used in salads. Arugula is a herb and not  a lettuce. Annual growing elongated and lobar leaves. Young plant less peppery  with a mild sweet flavor. – Contains vitamin C and vitamin K – Minerals copper  and iron. There are small amounts of iron, calcium, manganese, phosphorus and  calcium.
basilBay:
 
Bay Laurel tree originated in  Asia Minor. Cultivation spread into the Mediterranean and other countries with  similar climates. Aromatic leaves used in soups, stews and braises. Bay leaves  can be dried or fresh for cooking. The bay leaf does not develop full flavor  until several weeks after picking and drying. Substitute: Thyme. Nice is small  potted plants in patio, yard or kitchen.
 
Basil:
Originated in  Asia. Cultivated in approximately 12 different varieties. Vegetables great with  tomatoes. Easily growing plant dried or fresh basil used for flavoring. Can be  used dried but best used as fresh plant for full flavoring. Leaves are used for  flavoring. Have white flowering of medium size. Substitutes: Marjoram,  Mint.
 
Cayenne Pepper:
cayenne

Cayenne Pepper – provided reference.com

 

Obtained from  small fruited varieties of capsicum. Is a dull red color. Used in small amounts  in vegetables, meats, salad dressing and cheese. Tangy pepper taste. Cayenne  capsules used for nutritional health.
 
 
Chili Pepper:
Dark Red contains antioxidants  and may retard bacterial growth. Dark red in color hot flavor.
 
Chives:
placester lavender bee
Smallest member of the onion  family and has a mild onion flavor. Grow year-round. Easy herb to grow in the  kitchen or garden. The plant grows in groups. The seed germinates well. Early in  the year put seeds in pot keep warm and watered until little plant can survive  outside. Place plant outside in organic compost mixed soil. Grow in sunny  locations and does well in drain. Can survive in drought conditions but prefers  moisture. Good with salads and Cold Plates. Substitutes: Scallions and Green  Onions.
 
 
Cilantro Plant
cilantro

Cilantro- provided theorganic.life

Mediterranean, Asian, South  America and Caribbean Foods. Popular in Tex-Mex foods but also used in Indian  and Thai cooking. A member if the parsley family. In ancient times used for  medicinal and culinary purposes. Has contains Vitamin A and Vitamin C. Used in  appetizers and main dishes. Substitutes: Flat-leaf
 
 
Cinnamon Sticks
cinnamon
Tan brown in color. Contains  antioxidants and may retard bacterial growth. Has a pleasant bitter taste.  Commonly used in baking, dessert and drink recipes.
 
Cloves:
Aromatic dried flower buds  dark brown in color. Grown primarily in Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and  India. Evergreen plant with large leaves and flowers. Primary cuisines worldwide  are Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Adds flavor to meats, curries and  fruits. Used in combination with other  spices. Pairs well with cinnamon, allspice, vanilla, and basil.
 
Curry:
Used in Asian dishes. Contains antioxidants and may retard bacterial growth.
 
Dill:
dill

Dill – provided seedman.com

Depending on the region dill  can be grown perennial or annually. Originated in regions around the  Mediterranean and South Russia. Dill herb used dried or fresh. The dill loses  flavor potency when dried. The leaves are often called “dill weed”. There is a  difference between dill leaves and dill seeds. Both are herbs. Dill flavors:  fish, chicken, eggs, salads, beans, carrots, cucumbers, cabbage, potatoes,  pickles and sour cream or yogurt dips. Substitute: Caraway
 
 
Garlic Cloves
Member of onion family.  Versatile culinary and medicinal plant. Used through the ages as “wonder  drug”.  Staple into central Asia, Mediterranean, Africa and Europe. Known human  uses of garlic is over 7,000 years old. Garlic was used to cure common colds,  flu  and extending to the plague in the Middle Ages. Garlic is a natural  antibiotic. Aged garlic has powerful antioxidant effects. Many people do not  like to taste or odor of raw garlic  The health benefits may outweigh the taste  and odor. For cooking seasoning for vegetables, meats, soup, stews and side  dishes. Hardy plant can be  grown year-round. Grow in mild climates. Easy to grow. Plant cloves in  ground with enough space for bulbs to mature. Plant about six weeks before  frost. Harvest in spring. Combine soil with organic compost. Can also grown in  decorative containers.
 
 Lavender
Lavender is member of the mint  family. Domestically grown in gardens and landscaping. Grown bestjenna-lee-122713 in dry,  well-drained, sandy or crush rocks mixed soil in full sun. English lavender is  the most commonly grown. Lavender oils are extracted for commercial uses.  Lavender oils have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Oils thought to  soothe insect bites. Commercial perfumes are also produced from herb. Flowers  produce high levels of nectar. Bees make high quality honey from lavender  nectar. Lavender flowers are edible having floral scent and slightly sweet  flavor. Occasionally, flowers are blended with herbal, green or black teas. In  America both lavender scones and marshmallows are eaten. Dried flowers used as  potpourris and fillers inside sachets. Dried flowers scent freshen rooms, linens  and deters moths. Herb can be grown at home. Beautify your garden with lavender.  Fresh flowers can be added to teas. Dried scent home as potpourris or fill  sachets. Place filled sachets in storage spots to freshen and as pest repellant.Like all herbs lavender has an  ancient history. Found in southern Europe, Africa, and Mediterranean to the  Canary Islands. In ancient time lavender seeds and flowers were placed under  pillows to aid in relaxation and sleep. Lavender flower heads were combined with  boiling water to aid relaxation.
 
Lemon Grass:
Thai Dishes, Chicken, Beef,  Curry sometimes combined with coconut milk. Substitute: Lemon Zest
 
Lemon  Verbena:
Lemon Verbena is a  challenging plant to grow. Pairs well with:Fish, Poultry, Marinades, Salad  Dressings, Jams, Sauces and Teas Substitute: Lemon Grass and Lemon  Zest
 
adam-jaime-119565Mint  Plant
Originated  in Asia and Mediterranean regions. In many cultures mint is a symbol of  hospitality and welcome. In the Middle East guest are served mint tea as a sign  of welcome. In ancient Greece mint leaves were rub on the top of dining tables  as a sign of welcome. Mints have been used as air fresheners in synagogues and  temples. Mint is contains Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin B2. Mint also  contains essential minerals manganese, copper, potassium and iron. Mint is a  culinary treat in Lamb, Eggplant, Desserts Teas, Salads, Vegetables, Fruits,  Desserts, Shakes and Drinks. Most common cooking mints are spearmint and  peppermint. Substitute: Spicy Basil
 
 
 
mustard

Mustard Plant – provided Pinterest

Mustard Plant

Yellow flower herb. Young  tender leaves are used for greens and for salads. Seeds are used as a ground  spice in salads dressings, pickles, sauces, in some vegetables and  cheeses.
 
Oregano: Used to flavor beef, chicken,  pasta, vegetables, soup and stews. Substitute: Marjoram, Mint,  Basil
 
Parsley:
Two main groups of parsley are  curly leaf or Italian flat leaf. Parsley is an annual plant. Cultivating takes  about four to six weeks. Can be grown in pots. Plant can grow tall best location  is in the yard.  The parsley plant attract wild life and butterfly larvae.  Popular herb that can be used in variety of ways. Parsley is common in Middle  Eastern and European cuisines. Combine in fruit and vegetable salads, in  sandwiches, in soup and gravy.
 
Pepper Grass or Cress:
Can be used in salads and  sandwiches.
 
Peppermint:
Used in candies and  toothpaste. Dried use as spice for drinks, desserts or as a tea. Peppermint has  medicinal properties. Invasive plant and grows easily. As a companion plant  grown around roses help keep aphids from roses. Peppermint and spearmint are the  two most commonly used cooking mints. Some prefer spearmint because of its  milder taste.
 
Red  Pepper:
vishang-soni-100402
Red hot flavor herb. Can be  ingredient in most foods. Ingredient in hot sauces. Pod and seeds nutritional  benefits capsacin, vitamin A and vitamin C. Dried whole or grounded into powder.  Fresh red pepper in cuisine recipes. Can be grown indoors  for about 6 to 8  weeks. After indoor germination set outdoors. Total growing time approximately  15 to 18 weeks. Plant does not grow well in frost  temperatures.
 
Rosemary:
jennifer-pallian-173721 (1)Creeping Rosemary Plant
The Latin name, Rosmarinus  officinalis meaning,”dew of the sea”. Herb that is ideal as a ornamental plant.  The plant has a wonderful aroma. Rosemary herb is a common herb used in  Mediterranean cuisines. Seeds can be difficult to germinate. It is recommended  to purchase a nursery grown plant. In ancient times the herb was used for  medicinal, spiritual rituals and seasoning for cooking. Burning rosemary  branches was a practice for cleaning the air until the 20th century in French  hospitals.
 
 
Sage
Ancient herb used for cooking  and for medicinal purposes. Ancient Greeks and Romans used sage to preserve  meats and for its medicinal properties. Ancient societies made numerous claims  about sage. To name a few claims: conception, treat the plague, guard against  witchcraft and enhance memory. These were ancient beliefs not facts. Nutritional  benefits are contains vitamin A, calcium, iron and potassium. Low in calories  and fats.  Popular in Middle Eastern, Greek and Italian cuisines. Seasons  poultry, beans, stuffing and pasta.
 
Spearmint:
spearmint

Spearmint – provided Pinterest

Popular herb  used in toothpaste and mouth wash. Use fresh or dried as food spice or teas.  Medicinal uses. Small herb grows from mid summer to mid fall can reach heights  of 13″ to 18″ and produces small blooms. Does well in cooler temperatures and  needs approximately 6 hours of direct light per day. Two of the most popular  cooking mints are spearmint and peppermint. Spearmint has a milder flavor than  peppermint. Used in wide range of sweet, gourmet and savory  dishes. 
 
 
Stevia:

Stevia known as Sweet Leaf.  An alternative to table sugar. Stevia about 300 times sweeter than table  sugar. Comes in liquid and dried form.  Grow in full sun light and water frequently. Has been used a a sweetener  in Japan and China for hundred of years.

matt-montgomery-3790 (1)Sweet Basil:
Flavor of  cloves. Originated in Asia and basil has approximately 12 varieties. Sweet basil  has a sweet aroma derived from oils in the plant’s stem. Flavors salads, soups  and meats.
Tarragon:
French Tarragon Plant
Often used in French cooking.  Difficult to germinate. Recommended to purchase nursery grown. A perennial plant  prefers hot, sunny location. Do not over water. Goes dormant in the winter.  Often referred to as, King of Herbs”. Aromatic smell and taste disliked by many  plant pest. Can be a protectorate for other plants against pest if near tarragon  plant. Can reach 2.5 feet and in late fall yellow flowers appear. Used in:  Chicken, Eggs, Fish Substitute: Anise,  Fennel
Thyme:
albert-melu-9767Thyme is a member of the mint  family. Thyme has an ancient history. In Ancient Egypt thyme was use for  embalming. In Ancient Greece was used in baths. Thought to be a source of  courage thyme was burnt in Ancient Greek temples. Roman used thyme to purify  rooms. Also, added to cheese and liqueurs for it aromatic flavor.Europe in the Middle Ages thyme was given to warriors and  knights to give the bearer courage. Most common types are Garden thyme and Lemon  Thyme. Easy to grow in decoratively or home gardens. Grow in sunny hot location.  Bonus, thyme is a pest repellent. Soil could be well drained. Perennial herb is  drought tolerant plant. Grow by seeds or cuttings. Widely used culinary herb.  Pairs well with soups, stews, eggs,  vegetables, fish and lamb.
 

Conclusion:

DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary. A home is more than brick and mortar. An attractive yard always enhances the appearance of any home. Add a few herbal plants in the yards. Herbs not only are great alternative plants but have dual purposes. Can be germinated in the home or yard. Herbs beautify the yard. Added benefits can be used for culinary purposes and as natural fragrances.
DIY Herb Growing Tips Herb Glossary. Discover what is a herb. Herb glossary with uses of each herb. Planting and maintenance tips. Herbs are ancient old plants. For centuries used for: medicinal purposes, fragrances, spiritual practices and culinary purposes. Everything does not have to be bought retail. Grown your own herbal garden.
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